Cold Fusion Conspiracy Ebook – Chapter 3: Cold Fusion Conspiracies (Part One)

Chapter 3: Cold Fusion Conspiracies (Part One)

[ N.B: This article is a short abstract of the Ebook: "Cold Fusion Conspiracies" : if you own a website related to Cold fusion/Lenr and you want a full copy to redistribute to your visitors, please write to ebook[at]coldfusion3.com . Thank you ]

Does cold fusion already exist?

When we think of cold fusion we tend to imagine scientists in long white coats carrying out highly important experiments in laboratories, but what if this is not the only way in which it is possible for cold fusion to exist? What if cold fusion is something that already takes place here on earth, and indeed has been taking place for a much longer time than we have been aware of its possibility? This is something we touched on in the previous chapter, when discussing the theory of the geophysicist Paul Palmer, whose radical idea drove Steven Jones to continue to strive to carry out research and experimentation on the subject. This theory will be dissected in more detail now, so that we can see for ourselves the evidence that cold fusion might possibly be a naturally occurring phenomenon within the workings of the earth.

In fact, by looking back at the history described in the last chapter, it could be said that the more important breakthrough ideas on cold fusion came from the work done at Brigham Young University rather than at the University of Utah with Fleischmann and Pons. For although they were the ones to make the big public announcement at Salt Lake City, it would seem that the more interesting work was being carried out by Jones and his group. This is especially true in the case of geophysical theories about how cold fusion could be replicated by looking at how it might be happening in volcanic activity.

At the Tenth International Conference on Cold Fusion in 2003, a paper was presented titled, “Geo-fusion and Cold Nucleosynthesis” by Steven E. Jones and his colleague J.E Ellsworth. Within this paper much of the information regarding Jones’ work into the geophysical theory of cold fusion is detailed. Jones submitted this paper with the intention of updating us on the work he had completed as regards cold fusion in condensed matter and in the planets, or geo-fusion to be exact. However, there was also a new and interesting idea put forward in the paper in relation to what Jones termed “cold nucleosynthesis” in condensed matter, which we will discuss here.

Another theory which dates back to the eighties is piezo-nuclear fusion. This is where a cathode is immersed in a water bath enriched with deuterium, an electrical current is passed through the water and causes it to chemically split into hydrogen/deuterium and oxygen. From here, the deuterium gathers around the cathode and is compressed into fusing. The process of the fusion produces excess heat with very little radiation. The problem with this kind of fusion is the inability to construct a cathode with enough longevity. This is quite reminiscent of muon catalysed fusion, where the lifespan of the muon did not surpass one or two fusions at most.

It was at the colloquium in which Jones presented his theory of piezo-nuclear fusion that Paul Palmer came forward and suggested that cold fusion might already exist deep within the earth’s core. It was thought that because helium 3 was created naturally, research into fusion in condensed matter needed to be carried out. One of the main theories in regards to this, which came about after Jones decided to conduct research into what would come to be called geo-fusion, was that the production of tritium in deuterium + deuterium fusion might be a result of geo-fusion. The objective was to carry out tests in relation to the levels of tritium production in volcanic activity, which would provide evidence of natural fusion in the earth.

To return to Jones’ paper, in it he states that, “conditions found deep within the earth may result in natural d-d and p-d fusion reactions, generating 3He and 3H (tritium)” (Jones & Ellsworth, 2003). However, Jones goes on to say that the presence of tritium might not at all be a product of volcanic activity but simply that it was stored from the formation of the earth. If this turned out to be the case then it would be a major setback for Jones and his ideas on geo-fusion. However, because tritium lasts for just over 12 years it might be more easily proven that it was being released from volcanos. To do this Jones was lucky enough to be able to access previous studies providing tritium measurements in volcanic products, but initially these provided little help as they showed that tritium levels were very small. However, as mentioned previously with the volcano in Hawaii, there were certain instances where unusual amounts of tritium were found in quite high numbers.

In order to determine why such large amounts of tritium were recorded in these locations, Jones informs us that these were “hot spot volcanos”, in other words they are created by magma plumes much higher from the core mantle boundary, whereas the other volcanos studied were produced by more shallow magma. So, the tritium could be accounted for due to the higher temperatures, and here Jones makes a theoretical leap when he claims that tritium which is found on Jupiter is created from cold fusion which occurs in proximity to its metallic hydrogen core. The problem is that the studies carried out on tritium levels in volcanic activity are quite dated, and new studies need to be carried out in order to make further solid judgements on geo-fusion.

Now we move onto Jones’ idea of cold nucleosynthesis. Nucleosynthesis is where heavier chemical elements are synthesised inside of stars from hydrogen nuclei. It has long been known that nuclear fusion takes place inside of stars, and this is of course what makes them so bright. Stars are fuelled by this kind of fusion, as the energy released is what enables them so continue to exist. The main fusion that takes place inside of stars is that which converts hydrogen into helium. Sound familiar? It is the very small stars that can only fuse hydrogen into helium, but when you move onto the next size, medium stars such as the sun are able to convert helium into carbon and oxygen when they have become older and their hydrogen stores have dwindled.

The biggest stars are even more complex, when they run out of hydrogen they can convert helium into carbon and oxygen, like the sun, but after that they can go on to fuse that carbon and oxygen into sodium, magnesium, neon, sulphur and silicon. These massive stars can even go on to convert those elements into further elements, like iron, nickel and chromium. So when we study the stars we can see many examples of naturally occurring nuclear fusion, though this is not taking place on earth as with geo-fusion. It might not seem to be the case at first glance when studying fusion, but fundamentally it is the basis for the formation of life, especially when linked to the fusion that takes place in stars. When the cores of the oldest stars supernova, in other words when they have reached the end of their lives and explode, heavy elements are created and released into space bringing about the energy for life.

With cold nucleosynthesis, the idea is that since both fusion and nucleosynthesis happen in stars and metals, it is probable that they also occur in metal lattices. Metal lattices relate to the structure of a particular metal and are referred to as a “sea of mobile valence electrons” as they are what enables metal to be malleable and conductive of heat and electricity. The occurrence of fusion in metal lattices would be proof of the existence of cold nucleosynthesis, however, there remains much research to be carried out on the subject.

In his paper, Jones puts forward the case of Ed Cecil and Graham Hubler who had been conducting experiments with deuteron. In their work they reported that, “Intense bursts of energetic charged particles from deuterium gas loaded thin foils of Ti662 subject to fairly high D.C. electric currents and non-equilibrium thermal conditions have been observed.” (Jones & Ellsworth, 2003). Jones considers this to contribute towards his theory of cold nucleosynthesis and that it is highly important for further work to be completed in this respect. At the end of his paper Jones states that in order to study the charged particles released during this kind of fusion he and his team will endeavour to use ion-implanted silicon detectors. The entire paper can be found online by visiting the following link, http://www.lenr-canr.org/acrobat/JonesSEgeofusiona.pdf. Here you can read all of the evidence put forward for geo-fusion and cold nucleosythesis as presented by Jones and Ellsworth.

Experiments claiming to have already discovered cold fusion, can they be trusted?

As you might expect from reading this chapter so far, naturally occurring cold fusion is a lot harder to pin down in comparison to naturally occurring hot fusion, as we have encountered with the nucleosynthesis of stars. However, it is the only reference point we have for proving that cold fusion already exists here on earth. Now we will return to scientifically discovered cold fusion, and there have been many instances over the years of scientists and researchers claiming to have conducted successful cold fusion experiments…. (continue)

[ N.B: This article is a short abstract of the Ebook: "Cold Fusion Conspiracies" : if you own a website related to Cold fusion/Lenr and you want a full copy to redistribute to your visitors, please write to ebook[at]coldfusion3.com . Thank you ]

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