Andrea Rossi’s Leonardo Corporation has received a United States Patent that could cover his Ecat low energy nuclear reaction (LENR). Interestingly enough the patent US 9,115,913 B1 dated August 25, 2015, does not mention LENR, cold fusion or the words Ecat or energy catalyzer.
Instead it is for a device called a Fluid Heater. Andrea Rossi is listed as the inventor and his company Leonardo Corporation is listed as the assignee or owner. The Fluid Heater is described as:
“An apparatus for heating fluid includes a tank for holding fluid to be heated, and a fuel wafer in fluid communication with the fluid. The fuel wafer includes a fuel mixture including reagents and a catalyst, and an electrical resistor or other heat source in thermal communication with the fuel mixture and the catalyst.”
Chinese government researcher Songsheng Jiang reports achieving a Low Energy Nuclear Reaction (LENR) in a hydrogen-loaded nickel wire. In an email to Frank Acland Jiang reported that the reaction lasted for around 80 minutes and generated around 240 watts of heat.
Jiang also reported he and his team – the Ni-H Research Group at the China Institute of Atomic Energy in Beijing – are experimenting with both nickel powder and nickel wire. A PDF of Jiang’s message is available at E-catworld.com.
The Institute is China’s top atomic research organization the People’s Republic’s equivalent of Los Alamos National Laboratory in the United States. The Institute has close connections with the top levels of the Communist Party and the Chinese military.
Last month Mills revealed that Jiang had succeeded in generating temperatures of up to 1000 degrees Celsius with a reaction that lasted for 20 minutes in what looked like an attempt to replicate Rossi’s hot ecat on May 8. One has to wonder what Jiang is planning to do next.
The number of efforts to replicate Andrea Rossi’s e-cat low energy nuclear reaction or LENR process is increasing. One of the most interesting experiments was carried out by a scientist at one of China’s top government research organizations.
A number of websites are reporting that a mysterious individual or organization only called Me356 is trying to replicate Rossi’s hot e-cat device. E-catworld.com compared the efforts to those of Russian physicist Alexander G. Parkohomov who announced that he had replicated the hot e-cat in December. Unfortunately we do not know who or what Me356 is and where the experiment is taking place. Nor do we know where it is located.
My guess is that it might be going on at some sort of university or government laboratory perhaps at an institution where administrators oppose the idea of “cold fusion” research. The researchers are out to verify LENR but they do not want others to know they are until they have some results. They may also be keeping the work secret so they can patent it or sell it and cash in on the device they create.
Cherokee Partners’ CEO Tom Darden’s funding of low energy nuclear reaction (LENR) research is more extensive than previously revealed. Darden is the man behind Industrial Heat which purchased Andrea Rossi’s ecat technology last year. Unfortunately Darden would not reveal what other researchers he is backing in an interview with Marianne Macy in April 16, 2015 issue of Infinite Energy Magazine.
Macy interviewed Darden after his provocative speech during the opening ceremoniesof the 19th Annual International Conference on Cold Fusion in Padua, Italy, on April 13, 2015. Darden surprised a lot of people with his public commitment to LENR and his willingness to put money into the field.
Darden also revealed some of his thinking on LENR in the interview which is well worth reading. Some of the high lights include what convinced him to back Rossi:
“We’ve seen a number of tests and we’ve had a lot of people looking at tests,” Darden said. “Of course outsiders have looked at tests. I think particularly the transmutation data is very compelling. I felt very good about that, better than any outlet of test data I’d seen.”
California is in the midst of a catastrophic drought that could affect food prices all over world. What’s truly interesting is that something like low energy nuclear reaction (LENR) or cold fusion could be the solution to this crisis.
If the drought continues California only has about one year’s supply of fresh water left, NASA scientist Jay Famiglietti wrote in a recent Los Angeles Times op-ed. Familgletti a hydrologist looked at satellite data and made the alarming discovery that the Golden State has just enough fresh water left in reservoirs and underground aquifers for one year of use at current consumption levels.
What is truly disturbing is that California is not alone in an article for National Geographic last year, Famiglietti warned that aquifers all over the world and throughout the American West were being pumped dry. He predicted massive water shortages in the US, China, the Middle East and elsewhere if nothing is done.
Many more details of Russian scientist Dr. Alexander Parkhomov’s efforts to replicate Andrea Rossi’s hot e-cat low energy nuclear reaction (LENR) technology are available courtesy of our friends at the Martin Flesichmann Memorial Project.
Project representative Bob Greenyer visited Parkhomov’s laboratory at the People’s Friendship University in Moscow to examine his reactor. Greenyer posted some intriguing data about the device on the Project’s Facebook page including a number of fascinating pictures.
Some of the most interesting data about Parkhomov’s work Greenyer reported includes:
There have been a few important developments in the world of energy that everybody needs to be aware of. The energy industry has become more unstable than ever even without the appearance of disruptive technologies like low energy nuclear reaction (LENR) and it looks like it is about to get worse.
The biggest story is that the collapse in oil prices is destabilizing many countries including Russia and Venezuela. News stories indicate that super market shelves in Venezuela are empty because the government cannot pay for food imports and that nation’s president is frantically traveling around the world begging for loans and foreign aid to keep his country’s economy functioning. Venezuela’s economy is totally dependent on oil exports, take away the oil exports and the result is depression.
It is a rather interesting and very exciting time for low energy nuclear reaction (LENR). Perhaps the most exciting developments are the attempts to replicate and perhaps improve upon Andrea Rossi’s Lugarno demonstration of his ecat technology.
Jack Cole who is described as a hobbyist reported that he has succeeded in achieving some sort of reaction with a mixture of nickel, hydrogen and a special lime based ceramic powder, the LENR-Coldfusion.com website reported. Cole reported that his experiment created 10.6 watts of excess heat. Cole was hoping to produce LENR without the use of lithium a volatile and potentially flammable substance.
The Martin Fleischmann Memorial Project is attempting to do much the same thing with their Project Dog Bone. Updates about that effort are regularly posted on the Project’s Facebook page.
The best way to predict how the commercialization and adoption of low energy nuclear reaction (LENR) could occur is to examine how other technologies were adopted in the past. Then to identify the patterns by which they were adopted it. In other words we need to take a look at history.
History does not exactly repeat itself but it often operates in similar patterns. These patterns sometimes produce different results but they are similar. A pattern for technological development, commercialization and adoption based on past technological progress can be discerned. Here are the highlights of such a pattern: